Teenagers and young adults with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and other brain injuries (e.g. due to brain tumor, stroke, or infection) can experience social participation challenges at school and in the community. Some challenges might include difficulty joining activities, starting conversations with others, or feeling excluded from social opportunities.

Social participation challenges might be due to problems associated with the brain injury or a lack of understanding and support from others in everyday life.

Common problems that can affect participation include:

SPAN was designed to help teenagers and young adults do more of the social activities they want through setting and pursuing goals. In SPAN, we emphasize each person's strengths, acknowledge challenges, and provide support to help each person find ways to achieve their goals. The Tips and Topics section of this website provide resources that specifically address some common problems that can affect social participation.

In addition to the Tips and Topics, the following website is an additional resource.